There are five aspects that make it obligatory for a person to have a bath, and they are as follows;
1. The ejaculation of sperm from it’s place with lust.
2. To have a wet dream. Meaning nocturnal emission that is the releasing of sperm whilst sleeping.
3. The head of the penis to enter the vagina, whether it be with or without lust, with or without orgasm, the bathing would be obligatory on both.
4. To become clean from menstrual pause (period).
5. To become clean from blood after child birth.
If sperm was ejaculated from it’s place but not due to lust, i.e. it was done by lifting a heavy load or falling from a height, then to bathe is not obligatory, however, the ablution is broken.
If semen dropped but was very thin and it came out whilst urinating or on it’s own accord without lust then the bath does not become necessary but the ablution
Fardh (Compulsory) Aspects In Ghusl
1. To wash the mouth thoroughly making sure water reaches the throat and between the teeth, gums under the tongue etc.
2. To rinse the nostril up to the soft bone making sure every hair is wet.
3. To wash all the body making sure no hair is left dry including the hair of the head.
Angels Do Not Enter The House
‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said that, ‘Angels do not enter a house which
has pictures (of living beings), dogs or the impure (junub).’
We should keep our homes free from pictures as the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) disliked them.
Ghusl For Women
Mother of the believers Umme Salma (may Allah be pleased with him) said that, ‘Umme Sulaym (may Allah be pleased with him) told the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) that Allah (The Exalted) is not shy of speaking the truth, therefore I ask you, is it necessary for women to take ghusl if they have a notural emission” The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) replied, ‘Yes, if they noticed wetness.’ Umme Salma (may Allah be pleased with him) covered her face and asked the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) do women have nocturnal emission’ The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) replied, ‘Yes, if this was not true then how does a child resemble the mother”’ Before the wives of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) become, mother of all believers, i.e. in the marriage of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) they were free from having wet dreams as this is from the devil and the wives have been saved from the devil. Subhanallah!
Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) Bathing Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated through the mother of all believers Maymuna (may Allah be pleased with her) that she presented water to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) for bathing and thereafter drew a curtain. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) first washed his hands, then he poured water with his right hand onto his left side, and thereafter he relieved himself. After relieving, he patted the earth (for cleansing); washing his hands, gargled, drew water up his nose, and washed his face and arms. Then poured water on his head and body. He moved away from that spot and washed his feet. When offered a towel to dry himself, he would accept it, but jerked his hands to drain off as much water as possible.
Bathe Behind Closed Doors
Abu Yali (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) noticed a man taking a bath in the open. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) later while addressing from the pulpit, he praised Allah (The Exalted) and said, ‘Allah (The Exalted) likes those who avoid shamelessness. Therefore while bathing draw a curtain and be away from the gaze of others.’One should remember when going to the baths for swimming that the required body (Satre Aurat) is covered i.e. for men it is necessary to cover from the navel to and including the knees be in front of other men too. For sisters from the navel to the knees, only in front of other women with the condition there is no desire.
Punishment For Leaving a Space Dry
‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) stated that, ‘If one is negligent, and leaves a space even of the size of the width of hair unwashed while bathing for purity, he will be punished by fire.’
Respected brother/sister, it is important when in the state of impurity, you should not miss a single hair or even a pinpoint out. Make sure water reaches
all parts of the body.
Urinating In The Bath
‘Abd Allah ibn Al-Mughaffal Al-Muzani (may Allah be pleased with him) also said that, ‘The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), also forbade urinating at the place where one takes a bath .’
Only One Vessel
Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said that, ‘Maymuna (may Allah be
pleased with her) reported to me that she and the Messenger of Allah (may Allah
bless him and grant him peace) took a bath from one vessel.’
The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would take
a bath from only one small vessel. Today we spend a long time in the bath and
use buckets and fill the bath up, we should never waste water as to waste anything
in Islam is unlawful and forbidden.
From a Brass Vessel
Zaynab bint Jahash (may Allah be pleased with her) related that she had a brass
tub. She said that she used to wash the head of the Messenger of Allah (may
Allah bless him and grant him peace) from water poured into it.
From a Copper Vessel
‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) related that the big copper vessel used
to be prepared for her and the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant
him peace), and they would take water from it together (for bathing).
Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that, ‘The Messenger
of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would bathe with one Sa’a
to five Madd of water and with one Madd he would perform ablution.’
Sa’a and Madd are measurements. One Sa’a is equivalent to 2.03 litres and five
Madd is equivalent to 2.55 litres. The least amount of water used by the Prophet
(may Allah bless him and grant him peace) mentioned in the hadith is 1/3 of
a Madd, which is equivalent to 0.17 litres and the most
Wasting The Gift Of Allah (The Exalted)
Once Mufti Azam-e-Hind, Muhammad Mustafa Raza (d.1981) ibn Ahmad Raza (d.1920)
was at a place as a guest and near by was a tap that was dripping. He called
the host and explained to him the sin of wasting water and advised to fix this
straightaway, for as long as it keeps dripping you will get the sin. The host
said, ‘Huzoor! I will do it right away’, however, it was not put right for some
time so Huzoor called him again and said,’ I am leaving as you are not sorting
this drip out and I feel uncomfortable and can see the gift of Allah (The Exalted)
being wasted.’ The Host fixed the problem immediately and pleased him.
See how the friends of Allah (may Allah have mercy upon them all) feared Allah
(The Exalted) however, we waste water and other gifts that Allah (The Exalted)
has bestowed upon us. We buy water guns and water balloons for our children
and let them waste water not thinking about those who don’t have water to drink!
Think about it and don’t waste the gifts of Allah (The Exalted) otherwise we
will be sorry if these gifts are taken away from us.
Shaking Off Water
The mother of the believers, Maymuna (may Allah be pleased with her) related
that ‘She brought a cloth to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and
grant him peace) when he performed bath after intercourse. He handed it back
and began to shake off water (from his body).’
Using a Towel
In a hadith, the mother of the believers Maymuna (may Allah be pleased with
her) explaining the method of bathing she states that I presented a towel to
the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and he did
not take it but rinsed the water from his body. The narrator says that I mentioned
this to Ibrahim who said the companions did not mind using a towel; however,
they did not like to make a habit of it.
Ablution After Bathing
‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) related that the Messenger of Allah (may
Allah bless him and grant him peace) performed bath and offered two cycles of
prescribed prayer and then offered the dawn prescribed prayer. She did not think
that he performed ablution after performing the bath.
Many people have the misconception that you have to perform ablution after bathing
as one is in the state of nakedness. Subhanallah! By removing clothing does
not break your ablution nor by looking at someone else’s body does.
Imam Shafi states that four things make the body strong; eating meat, using
scent, taking a bath, and putting on linen clothes.
Intention for Ghusal
Nawaytu An Agh Tasila Liraf ‘il Hadath
I bath for purification
Supplication after Ghusal
Allahummaj ‘Alni Minat-Tawwabeena Waj ‘Alni Minal Mutatah-Hireen
Things That Can And Cannot Be Done When Bathing Is Obligatory
‘ It is strictly forbidden to enter a mosque, to perform Tawaf (of Kaa’ba),
to touch the Qur’an, or any part of the Qur’an whether it is in sections or
volumes, to pray the Qur’an whilst viewing it without touching it, to pray the
Qur’an verbally, to wear or touch a ring with a word of the Qur’an written on
it when it is obligatory for you to bathe.
‘ If the Qur’an is wrapped in it’s cloth (Juzdaan) or has a napkin wrapped
around it, then there is no problem touching it without bathing. If a verse
of the Qur’an is prayed but the intention was not to pray as part of the Qur’an,
then there is problem. For example, to say ‘Bismilla Hirrahma Nirraheem’ for
auspiciousness, or to say ‘Alhamdu Lillahi Rabbil ‘Aalameen’ for thankfulness
or to pray when in trouble or worried ‘Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilahi Raji’oon’
or for praise the Surah Fatiha was prayed or Aayatul Qursi was prayed or another
verse was prayed, however, the intention was not to pray a verse of the Qur’an,
then there is no problem.
‘ To see the Qur’an, whether the words are seen and then prayed in the heart
is allowed in any situation.
‘ To touch the Fiqh, Hadith or Tafseer books is dislike (Makrooh).
Those who are menstruating say that I can not touch any book because I am unclean.
Remember it is disliked and not forbidden, those who teach or have a habit of
studying should continue to study as you may loose practise and your attention
towards learning can be diverted. For details of Ghusl refer to Bahar-e-Shariah
& Qanoon-e-Shariah , (Rules of Islamic Law) and other books of Fiqh.
S.1 One should hasten in the making of ghusl if one awakens after early dawn.
(Trimzi) :So that fajar namaaz is read with jamaat .
S.2 It is major wrong to delay a compulsory bath until after sunrise as the
angel of mercy do not enter homes where a person delays his fardh ghusl. (Mishkaat)
Sunnat method of performing ghusl
S.1 Both hands up to the wrists should be washed three times at the outset
with the intention of cleansing oneself of Hukmi Najasat.
S.2 Any najasat (filth) found on any part of the body should be washed off
(even when one is not in the state of janabat- ie in need of Fard Bath).
S.3 Both the private parts should then be washed even if one had not relieved
S.4 Wudu should then be made in accordance to the sunnat method. However, the
feet could be washed at the end of ghusal if used water does not flow off.
S.5 Water should then be poured over the head first, then the right and left
shoulders, three times each. One should ensure that water reaches every part
of the body not forgetting the mouth and nostrils. (Trimizi)
S.6 It is mustahab (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it. All parts
of the body should be rubbed with the hands to ensure that water reaches every
part of the body.
S.7 Both to wipe the body dry or not to, are sunnat, with either method one
can make the intention of practicing upon a sunnat.
S.8 On completion one should confine oneself to a clean place and wash his
feet if they had not been washed whilst making wudhu and thereafter dress hastily
as possible. (Mishkaat)
1) If a single hair, or its equivalent area, is left dry ghusal will not be
2) It is not necessary to repeat the entire ghusl if, after ghusl, one notices
or recalls that a certain part of the body is left dry. Merely washing the dry
portion shall suffice. Passing of the wet hand is not sufficient as it must
2) If the hair of a woman is plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited
hair but it is compulsory for her to wet the root of each and every hair . If
she fails to do this then the ghusal will not be valid. If a women is unable
to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to
unplait and wash her entire hair.
3) Men who grow their hair long are not excused from leaving their plaits dry.
4) Rings, earrings, etc. should be rotated or preferably removed to ensure
that no portion covered by them is left dry. The navel and ears should also
5) It is not necessary to make fresh wudhu to read Salaat. The bath will suffice
as the essentials of wudhu are covered in ghusal.